India - Health overview
- According to the WHO Global Health Expenditure Database, India spends a total of 4% of GDP on healthcare, approximately 1% of which is public government expenditure.
- India’s national health profile is released annually by the Indian government and by the WHO.
- Healthcare in India: Vision 2020, a report by NITI Aayog (National Institute for Transforming India), captures India’s challenges and future prospects in the health sector.
Policies and initiatives
- The National Health Policy (2017) seeks to universalise access to basic healthcare by making essential drugs and basic health services free at public hospitals.
- The Ayushman Bharat scheme, launched in September 2018, aims to deliver universal healthcare to all Indians by providing the world’s largest national health insurance scheme combined with a large network of health and wellness centres.
- The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (previously known as the National Digital Health Mission) was announced in 2020, and aims to be the backbone of India’s integrated digital health infrastructure, providing citizens across the country with connectivity to India’s healthcare system.
Public health in India is the responsibility of the states under the Constitution, however, the central government is the key actor in designing health policies and programmes. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is the central government ministry charged with health policy in India. It is assisted by the National Centre for Disease Control, the National Health Systems Resource Centre and the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).