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India - Environment & Climate Change overview

Country profile

Policies and Initiatives

Governance structure

In India the Environment sector falls under the jurisdiction of both Central and state governments. The Ministry of Environment & Forests and Climate Change is the agency responsible for the planning, promotion, coordination and oversight of the implementation of environmental and forestry programs. There are 3 Divisions within the Ministry namely the Establishment Division, Environment Division and the Forest & Wildlife Division. Other federal agencies involved in environmental issues are the Forest Survey of India, Central Pollution Control Board, National Green Tribunal, National Biodiversity Authority, and Animal Welfare Board of India.

Professor Veena Sahajwalla, founding Director of the Centre for Sustainable Materials Research and Technology (SMART Centre) at the University of New South Wales.

Australia - Environment & Climate Change overview

Country profile

Policies and initiatives

Governance structure

Under Australia’s federal system of government, responsibility for environmental issues is shared by the Australian Government and state/territory governments. Due to the constitutional division of powers between federal and state governments in Australia, much of the important operational environmental legislation is governed at the state level. The Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment is the ministry whose purpose is the protection of agriculture, water resources, the environment and heritage. Several federal agencies, government boards and structures help the Department with its portfolio. The Climate Change Authority is an independent statutory body established to provide expert advice to the Australian Government on climate change mitigation initiatives.

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Bilateral frameworks for cooperation between India and Australia

Trade and investment opportunity

Cooperation and collaborations

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