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India - Agriculture overview

Country profile

  • According to the World Bank National Accounts Data, in 2019, agriculture and associated activities (Forestry and Fishing) contributed 15.9% to the GDP of India. 
  • According to Human Development Reports 2019,  43.9%  of the total employment in India is in agricultural and associated sector activities. 
  • Gross Value Added (GVA) by agriculture and associated activities to the Indian economy was estimated at Rs 19.48 lakh crore (372.33 billion AUD) in 2019-2020.

Policies and initiatives

Governance structure

In India while agriculture and associated sectors come under the purview of states, the central government has been instrumental in framing overarching policies through special provisions. The Ministry of Agriculture Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws related to agriculture in India. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous body responsible for coordinating agricultural education and research in India. 

Australia and India have very differing climates and geography which enable the nations to cover wide offerings in agriculture

Australia - Agriculture overview

Country profile

  • According to the World Bank National Accounts Data, in 2019, agriculture and associated activities (Forestry and Fishing) contributed 2.09% to the GDP of Australia.
  • According to Human Development Reports 2019, 2.6%  of the total employment in Australia is in agricultural and associated sector activities. 
  • In 2019, the Gross Value Added (GVA) by the agriculture sector to Australia’s economy amounted to over AUD 60 billion.

Policies and initiatives

Governance structure

The federal, state and territory and local governments all impose regulations and policies on the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors. They are responsible for different aspects of agricultural and food law and at times have overlapping regulations addressing areas such as, for example, environmental protection. The Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (AWE) represents Australia’s national interests across agriculture, water and the environment. The Australian Bureau of Agricultural Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) is the research arm of the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. The Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) supports research projects with partner countries outside Australia. 

Related articles

Read the latest 'Agriculture' research articles covering Australia and India - or submit your own.

Bilateral frameworks for cooperation between India and Australia

Trade and investment opportunity

Cooperation and collaborations

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